The SourceCivil Engineering MagazineSlideshow: ‘Leaning’ library to offer expansive views, lessen solar gain in South Korea

Slideshow: ‘Leaning’ library to offer expansive views, lessen solar gain in South Korea

By Catherine A Cardno, Ph.D.

  • looking across a snowy field at a leaning glass and charred wood multistory building
  • cross section of building
  • looking across a plaza at a building leaning away from the viewer, backlit against the night sky
  • a lobby is set off with a multistory decorative bookcase
  • looking across a series of bookshelves of various heights and out a leaning glass curtain wall with a view of treetops
  • looking at tiered seating and out a large glass curtain wall that leans outward, with views of tree tops and water while a plane flies by
  • looking down at a charred wood and glass curtain wall rounded building, surrounded by an open plaza and full grown trees

A multistory, “leaning” library with a rounded footprint has been designed for Songdo International City, a tech-based, intellectual, eco-city located 56 km from Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Submitted by Beijing-based architectural firm aoe as part of an international competition for the city’s new public library and cultural center, the design reimagines libraries for the 21st century, incorporating sustainable design with the needs and comfort of users. The building includes spaces for the typical reading and learning experiences that are expected of public libraries as well as gathering, exhibition, and venue spaces for indoor and outdoor community gatherings.

Inside the building, two key spaces will be carved out for users. A multilevel cascading reading hall with broad, angled windows will be on the south-facing side of the building, offering extensive views of nature. A community living hall for gathering and holding events and exhibitions will be on the north-facing side with views of the city. Additional spaces will include an auditorium and community classrooms.

The library was designed as a landmark building for the city and to offer space for residents and tourists to enjoy. The rounded footprint maximizes access points from the surrounding community and open space around the building that can be used for gatherings while minimizing the impact the new building would have on a neighboring kindergarten. A striking 18.5-degree visual “lean” to the south gives a signature look to the glass and charred wood-clad structure while protecting the south-facing interiors from solar gain in summer and maximizing thermal gain in the winter.

Maximizing natural ventilation and recycling the energy used in the building will also be part of the structure’s sustainable design elements.

Structurally, the building will utilize a concrete core wall with a cantilever-truss system. Just four diagonal structural columns will be necessary for bracing, which will enable the extensive open interior spaces.

- Advertisement -


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -